CAPITAL TOWN OF CAPPADOCIA
Goreme is a town with a population of 2000 inhabitants of Fairy chimneys. We see the burial chambers from the pre-Christian period on the rocks. In Göreme Open Air Museum we will see many churches, monasteries, burial chambers, cellars and cellars. In the monasteries of the museum area VII. XIIth Century. It is possible to watch the architecture of the church until the century. You can see the paintings reflecting the local styles in the frescoes of the churches, which are made according to the architecture with a flat-top barrel vaulted, single or 3-apsis, central cross plan architecture.
Nevsehir 10 km. The town of Goreme is located in the region surrounded by valleys between Nevşehir-Ürgüp-Avanos triangle. Kızılırmak in the north, Yeşilhisar in the east, Hasan and Melendiz Mountains in the south, Aksaray in the west and Kapadokya region bounded by Kırşehir in the northwest has been a permanent settlement since the Chalcolithic period. Hittites, Assyrian, Kalonis, Phrygian, Tabal, Med, Pars, Iskender Sultası, Selevkus, Byzantine, Seljuk, Karamanli and the most important feature of this region that was settled in the Ottoman period; Erciyes Mountain and Hasan Mountain tuffs, wind and water wear as a result of the extraordinary rock forms and warm in the winter, and therefore cool for all seasons are the carving places of the rock climatic conditions. Goreme, especially 7 özellikle13. It has become an important center of Christianity with the establishment of the Christians who fled their oppression between the centuries. This natural and cultural heritage, where the accumulation of centuries together with the fairy chimneys of volcanic tuffs meet, is on the World Heritage List. Ları Korama, Matiana, Maccan and Hunters Av are the old names of Göreme. A 6 th century document on Goreme was first encountered in the name of ait Korama Göre. In this document, it is mentioned that a saint named Hieron was born in Korama at the end of the 3rd century and martyred in Malatya with his 30 friends and his hand was cut to his mother, Korama. Aziz Hieron has a fresco in Tokalı Church in Göreme Open Air Museum. It is thought that Goreme and its surroundings were used as a cemetery by the people of Venessa in the Roman period. The two-columned Roman tomb carved into the large fairy chimney at the center of Goreme and the numerous tombs in the vicinity revealed this view.
Goreme, an important religious center for Christians at the beginning of the Middle Ages, is an archbishopric center in the 11th and 13th centuries. There are many religious buildings in and around Göreme. However, there are not enough documents about the construction dates of these structures. Therefore, dating is based on the architectural characteristics of the building and its frescoes.